Security automation (together with configuration management automation and audit/compliance automation) should be a top priority for enterprise/government. Here is why:
We need more automation to make security cheaper and reduce the hidden costs ("externalities") related to security, such as user/administrator time wasted. A lot of security advice and technologies cost more than they save, i.e. taking the unlikely hit is cheaper than adopting them .
To achieve better security cost-benefit, my interest has been "security policy automation" for a long time, i.e. to automate a lot of the tasks ("externalities") that administrators face when managing security policies for applications (esp. authorization) .
 A Microsoft Research paper outlines why cost-benefit optimization is needed for security: " So Long, And No Thanks for the Externalities: The Rational Rejection of Security Advice by Users". In fact my PhD supervisor from back in the days (Prof Ross Anderson in Cambridge) has talked about this for over 10 years, and so did Schneier and others.
 OpenPMF Security Policy Automation